Endometriosis and Infertility: Here are the Facts

Endometriosis and Infertility: Here are the Facts

March is Endometriosis Awareness Month, which means it’s a perfect time to learn about endometriosis and how it can affect your fertility.

Endometriosis is a condition in which the tissue in your uterus grows where it doesn’t belong. For example, it may grow on the outside of your uterus or on your ovaries, fallopian tubes, bladder, rectum, intestines, or the lining of your pelvis.

During Endometriosis Awareness month, your health care providers at North Texas OB/GYN would like to share some important facts about this condition and its impact on fertility.

If you have endometriosis, you’re not alone

Endometriosis occurs in about 10% of women of reproductive age. Although it can develop at any time, it is most often diagnosed in women in their 30s and 40s. Endometriosis can cause a variety of symptoms, including severe pain.

Endometriosis forms areas of tissue buildup called implants. These implants respond to changes in your estrogen levels and may bleed and become inflamed or swollen during your menstrual cycle.

Over time, changes in endometrial tissue can lead to the creation of scar tissue called adhesions, which may cause organs to stick together.

Endometriosis can lead to infertility

Endometriosis can affect your ability to have a baby. In fact, almost 40% of women with infertility have endometriosis.

There are several reasons that endometriosis can affect fertility. Inflammation that occurs with endometriosis may damage your eggs or your partner’s sperm or may prevent the normal movement of eggs or sperm through your fallopian tubes and uterus.

In some cases, implants or adhesions can block your fallopian tubes. And endometriosis can cause the formation of ovarian cysts, which interfere with pregnancy.

Endometriosis also increases the risk of ectopic pregnancy, a condition in which a fertilized egg implants in a fallopian tube rather than the uterus.

Endometriosis is treatable

Although we can’t cure endometriosis, we have a variety of ways to treat the symptoms and problems it causes.

If you aren’t trying to become pregnant, some types of hormonal birth control or other hormonal medication may slow the growth of endometrial tissues and prevent the formation of new adhesions. But hormonal medications aren’t the right choice if you want to conceive.

When endometrial implants and adhesions interfere with your ability to become a mother, surgery may offer a solution. During surgery, your doctor at North Texas OB/GYN removes adhesions or implants from your pelvic cavity.

Fertility treatment may help

In some patients, removing implants and adhesions can pave the way for a healthy pregnancy.

But when surgery alone isn’t enough, fertility treatment may make it possible for you to get pregnant.

For example, you may benefit from treatments such as in vitro fertilization, a process in which your egg is fertilized outside your body and implanted in your uterus.

If you have endometriosis, we can help

Our highly trained, experienced team of doctors at North Texas OB/GYN in Plano, Texas, provide comprehensive endometriosis care, including diagnosis and treatment, to patients from the greater Dallas-Fort Worth area.

If you’re experiencing endometriosis-related symptoms or having trouble getting pregnant, we’re here to help. Call our office today.

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